Niacin, perhaps more popularly known as Vitamin B3, is what you need to be most careful of in your dog's diet. It is often found in organ meats such as liver, but regular muscle meat contains it as well. Without adequate levels of niacin, your dog can develop a host of problems including skin disorders and dementia caused by a breakdown in nervous system functioning. Because niacin deficiencies can lead to dementia in dogs, it's important to be aware of how much niacin your dog is consuming to ensure that its nervous system is as healthy as possible. Niacin helps support a healthy nervous system by enabling the transport of nutrients across the blood-brain barrier, so that the dog's nerves and brain can stay healthy. It also helps repair nervous tissue, so adequate levels keep your dog as healthy as possible.
Another reason it is so important to have niacin in your dog's diet is that niacin is necessary for synthesizing tryptophan. Without niacin, your dog can't produce any tryptophan, which is an important neurotransmitter. The l-isomer of tryptophan found in dietary supplements helps your dog regulate its mood and behavior. It's linked to calmer behavior and less aggression.
Higher levels of aggression in dogs raises cortisol levels and leads to a lot of stress, which can prematurely damage your dog's nervous system. This isn't something that you want! Instead, ensuring that your dog has plenty of dietary tryptophan and niacin (which is metabolized into tryptophan by the body) helps keep him stress-free and calm.
To keep your dog's nervous system functioning as optimally as possible, the The Association of American Feed Control Officials recommends that your dog consumes 11.4 mg/kg of niacin daily.
Many natural products are rich in niacin, such as
Kelp has been shown to provide loads of health benefits for your dog. Find out why you should include this as part of your dog's normal diet?